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Uzbekistan – Tale of Thousand and One nights

So wel-known and mysterious at the same time Asia attracts guests with its generous bazaars with reach and wide range of sweets, juicy fruit, hovering in the air samsa aromas, spices and other local delicacies. Uzbekistan is located at the Great Silk Road cross point. The country is situated between the rivers – the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers, the largest rivers in Asia. Cuased by arid climate, most of the rivers dry up in summer. The largest t lake in the country – the Aral Sea, located on the border with Kazakhstan. The name of the lake "Aral" means "island". Since ancient times, it was considered as island of life and freshness of the hot desert Kara Kum and Kyzyl Kum. Unfortunately, over the last decade, the Aral Sea has receded nearly 80 km, and the sea was divided into three separate lakes. A well-developed economy of the Republic is represented by many industries which are natural gas industry, metallurgy, cotton, textiles and others. But the core value of the country is cotton- Uzbekistan’s "white gold."

Acquaintance with Tashkent and Uzbekistan in general begins at the airport of the capital. International Airport with a modern terminal building, hosts all types of aircraft of the largest cities in the world.

About Uzbekistan

Tashkent – this motley flower, the petals of which are made up of different cultures, religions and lifestyles. The city has always maintained a tolerance to all new and foreign. It is a symbiosis of different east and west cultures and all that distinguishes Tashkent from other eastern cities. The history of Uzbekistan capital amounts to 2,200 years, surviving in different time periods of prosperity and decline. The ancient city of Tashkent is located near the river Chirchik, at an altitude of 440-480 m above sea level. In the north-east from the capital adorn the Tian Shan and snowy peaks of Greater and Small Chimgan. Tashkent is a living legend, rarity and special cultural phenomenon of Asia. Here comes in mix Eastern and Western civilizations. Imagine a mixture of Iranian, Indo-Buddhist and Arabic culture in earlier time and then added a spicy cocktail of Jewish, Russian, Tatar and other crops, causing local flavor is even more distinctive.

Tashkent Chorsu bazaar dates back several hundred years old and is located on the main square of Eski Juva. As if floating in the air blue domes are bazar’s large premises.

In hot semi-arid climate you can escape from the heat and dust. You could find everything at the bazaar – and fresh fruits, the finest dried fruits, a variety of pita breads, fresh meat, horse sausage and a variety of hand-made souvenirs.

Tashkent was a center of trade and crafts, which gathered merchants from different countries, hence the majority of the city’s architectural buildings: mainly caravanserais, mosques and mausoleums. Kukeldash Madrasah built by vizier of Tashkent khans Kukaldosh in the middle of the XVI-th century, placed on a hill near the Chorsu square. It has beautiful main facade with bunk balconies and towers – guldasta. The building was built of burned brick.

Madrasah Barak-Khan is located near the Chor-Su bazaar, in the middle of the adobe buildings of the old town. Construction was completed in 1532 . There is a highly elongated trapezoidal buildings around an oblong court. Inside there are a few burials.

Uzbekistan’s Museum of History – one of the oldest in Central Asia, and amounts nearly 140 years. The museum’s collection includes about 250,000 items, 60,000 archaeological and more than 80,000 numismatic and ethnographic artifacts related to the history of the Uzbek from prehistoric times to the present day.

In the capital there is the residence of Nicholas Romanov (1850-1917), a cousin of Emperor Nicholas II, who was exiled here in the 19th century for the extraction of precious stones.

Barak-khan Madrasah was built in XVI century by Suyunij Khan. There is a rich library of ancient Eastern manuscripts. In a special room of Madrasah is stored rare Coran of Caliph Osman (Ottoman) which is a priceless gem of a library.

This folio is the Islam holy book source, created in the VIIth century. A priceless manuscript consists of 353 shipskin sheets of great size with the authentic Corantext, which was kept several centuries ias the treasury of the caliphs. During the reign of Timur Koran came from Baghdad to Uzbekistan, in the XIXth century was sent to St. Petersburg, after the revolution was sent back to Ufa in Central Asia. Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in the world. His age amounts to 2750 years. City was conquered by the hordes of Alexander the Great, by the army of Arab Caliphate, the Mongol horde of Genghis Khan. After the countless destruction the city again revived, and was the capital of many Central Asian khanates.

Fergana was founded in 1876 and is located in the east of Uzbekistan, in 420 km distance from Tashkent. The city is the third largest in the country with a population of 320,000 citizens. Fergana is one of the most important centers for the oil production.

Not far from Carvaka on the river Paltau, which is a right tributary of the river Chatcal is famous prehistoric people site.

Holy Bukhara is a "pillar of Islam." About this glorious city legend says, on the other Muslim cities of grace descends from the heaven, and the light of the Bukhara rises up to the sky. There are many beautiful mosques and tombs of Islamic saints. Bukhara is famous holy sites and architectural masterpieces. The city has 2000 years and has witnessed how devastating wars, as glorious times, as well as being in the center of the Great Silk Road, the ancient Samanids Khanate.

During the reign of Samanids in Bukhara were built palaces, mausoleums, caravanserais, madrasahs and mosques. The symbols of the city are the Kalyan Minaret and the mausoleum of the Samanids. The historic center of Bukhara included in the UNESCO list.

Uzbekistan is a land with a rich heritage and ancient history. It is home to a surprisingly kind, talented and generous people, keeping a tribute to the traditions and customs of their ancestors. Sunny weather in Uzbekistan, which gift 300 days of sunshine per year, attracts a large number of guests.

Welcome to the eastern fairy tale!