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Vienna is amidst the nine Austrian provinces, the smallest in scale, but it has the greatest number of people. Vienna is also the major city in the state, the center of economic, cultural and political life of Austria. The city has a great fame due to the well-known cultural events, music festivals of international level and is famous for its imperial buildings, cozy restaurants and cafes, wine and irresistible Viennese charm. Walking around the city, you can easily find in its architecture imperial tradition.
Browsing history, you can find information that the first settlements in this area belong to the Paleolithic era. In 800 BC on the territory of today’s Vienna settled the Celts and already in the next periods the place became the seat of the Roman legion of Emperor Augustus. Was erected the bastion with reinforced walls in the form of a quadrangle and was called Vindobona, which in year of 300 AD already counted 20,000 residents. Later the bastion was destroyed by the Huns and in the VIII century the area was included in the East of the brand at the behest of Charlemagne.
Then a lot of various historical events passed here, but coming back to the present, we can say that on the eve of the First World War the populace of Vienna reached about 2 million people. Vienna in those times was the eccentric and in some cases even disproportionate capital of Austria, of this small country, that had little to do with the imperial grandeur of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Today Vienna is the capital of the autonomous state of Austria with a population of 1.6 million inhabitants, which represents almost 20% of the Austrian entire populace.
List of Vienna attractions is so high that it is difficult to cover everything in one list, but noting just a few of the most well-known monuments can say that absolutely must visit the Schoenbrunn Palace, the summer residence of the Habsburgs, St. Stephen’s Cathedral and the Hofburg – winter residence of the Habsburgs, the Volksgarten, Parliament and the Town Hall. Vienna is incredibly rich in numerous exhibition halls and museums, among which should be noted Museums Quartier of Wien or MQW, placed in the city center and occupies 45,000 square meters.
In terms of architectural compositions, Vienna is an exciting and original symbiosis of the baroque and avant-garde work of architects and ORTNER and ORTNER.
All over the city you can visit the attractive and cozy restaurants, cafes and shops. An interesting fact is that in 2001, a new attraction at the highest level here was opened – the Leopold Museum, which contains the largest collection of Egon Schiele, also a rich collection of outstanding Austrian contemporary artists such as Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka and others.